On December 2nd, 2015, the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment, through Ordinance No. 370, established the National REDD+ Strategy (ENREDD+ for the acronym in Portuguese). Its overall objective is to contribute to climate change mitigation by eliminating illegal deforestation, promoting conservation and restoration of forest ecosystems and fostering a low-carbon and sustainable forest economy, delivering environmental, social and economic benefits.
In order to achieve the overall objective, the following specific objectives have been defined:
• to improve the monitoring and impact assessment of public policies for REDD+, in order to maximize their contribution to global climate change mitigation, observing the social and environmental safeguards agreed under the UNFCCC;
• to integrate the governance structures of climate change, forest and biodiversity related policies, seeking to promote consistency and synergies among them at the federal, state and municipal levels;
• to contribute to the mobilization of resources at a scale that is compatible with the voluntary national commitments to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions in the Brazilian biomes by 2020, as established by the National Policy on Climate Change.
The Strategy is structured upon three Action Lines:
• 1. Coordination of Climate Change, Biodiversity and Forest related Public Policy, including the Safeguards – the main activities planned are the development of a Results and Impact Matrix to assess Climate Change and Forest Policies to support decision making on the allocation of REDD+ investments; and developing a Safeguards Information System, in accordance with UNFCCC, to support risk management and to promote transparency.
• 2. Measuring, Reporting and Verifying (MRV) Results – the main activities planned are preparing Brazil’s REDD+ technical submissions to the UNFCCC, that includes establishing Forest Reference Emission Levels for measuring REDD+ results and the REDD+ Technical Annex to obtain recognition for the achieved results; and following and providing additional information throughout the assessment processes of submissions.
• 3. Fundraising for REDD+ Results-Based Payments and Distributing Benefits - the main activities planned are: defining the eligibility criteria and the rules to access REDD+ results-based payments; defining the conditions and guidelines for raising resources; setting up economic instruments to incentivize activities that can produce REDD+ results; and managing fundraising and distribution of benefits on the national scale. This process will be conducted by the National REDD+ Committee, taking into consideration the inputs produced by the Thematic Advisory Board on Fundraising and Distribution of Non Reimbursable Resources.