Are REDD+ projects considered under the UNFCCC and the ENREDD+?
There is no project-based approach under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The Warsaw Framework for REDD+, signed in 2013 at COP-19, sets out the parameters for REDD+ and reiterates the national or, as an interim measure, subnational approach to the implementation of REDD+, agreed since Cancun (COP-16, 2010). Countries, as Parties of the Convention, seeking to have their REDD+ results recognized by the UNFCCC, are responsible for submitting all the requirements agreeded in the Warsaw Framework for REDD+, and participate during the verification process. This approach favors the integrity of REDD+ results, while encouraging large-scale actions, avoiding double counting and leakage. There are forest carbon projects, targeting credits for the voluntary carbon market, self-nominated "REDD+". These projects are private initiatives that generally follow specific certifications and models and are not recognized by the UNFCCC or by the Brazil's National REDD+ Strategy.
REDD+ results based payments allow offseting?
No. Funding for mitigation actions in developing countries, including through REDD+ results payments, can be considered part of developed countries finance obligations, given their historical responsibilities for the problem of climate change. A topic that has polarized opinions on REDD+ discussions in the UNFCCC was the use of REDD+ to compensate emissions for other sectors/countries. The REDD+ discussions were closed without an agreement on this matter and might be discussed in a wider forum on market mechanisms. Brazil maintains its position against inclusion of REDD+ in market mechanisms, the reason is to ensure the environmental integrity of the climate regime and to encourages countries to have real action to mitigate their greenhouse gas emissions.