Brazil's efforts to control deforestation in the Amazon biome have been coupled with strong commitment and engagement in REDD+ negotiations under the UNFCCC. When the Warsaw Framework for REDD+ was established in December 2013, Brazil was ready to take immediate steps to begin its implementation. On June 6th 2014, during the Bonn Climate Change Conference, Brazil became the first developing country to submit to the UNFCCC its forest reference emission level (FREL) for reducing emissions from deforestation in the Amazon biome. Brazil's FREL defines the reference period and the scale against which REDD+ results are measured on a historical perspective. The FREL is a fundamental component for assessing the actual impact of REDD+ policies and measures.
Between August and November 2014, Brazil´s FREL went through a technical assessment by two LULUCF experts appointed by the UNFCCC Secretariat. It was a facilitative technical exchange to assess the degree to which the information presented by Brazil was in accordance with the guidelines established by UNFCCC decisions. As a results of this process, Brazil’s submission was improved (access the final version of the Brazil’s FREL). The report on the technical assessment of the FREL was concluded and published by 1 December 2014. The assessment team concluded that the information used by Brazil in constructing its FREL is transparent and complete and is in overall accordance with the guidelines for submission of information on FREL.
Brazil’s REDD+ Technical Annex to the BUR was submitted to the UNFCCC in December 2014. The document presented the results achieved in reducing emissions from deforestation in the Amazon biome between 2006 and 2010. The document underwent the ICA process by LULUCF experts in 2015 and the technical report on the ICA was published in September 2015.
The Summary of information on how the Cancun safeguards were addressed and respected by Brazil throughout the implementation of actions to reduce emissions from deforestation in the Amazon biome between 2006 and 2010 was submitted through the REDD+ Web Platform in May 2015, in accordance with decision 12/CP.19.
Brazil is currently developing its REDD+ Safeguards Information System (SISREDD+) in accordance with UNFCCC guidelines, to provide the relevant information to all stakeholders in a transparent, accessible and timely manner.
Finally, with the approval of Brazil´s National REDD+ Strategy at the end of 2015, all the requirements established by the UNFCCC were met and Brazil´s REDD+ results were inserted in the Lima REDD+ Information Hub during COP 21 in Paris. The ENREDD+ overall objective is to contribute to climate change mitigation by eliminating illegal deforestation, while promoting the recovery of forest ecosystems and the development of a low carbon sustainable forest economy with socio-economic and environmental benefits.